Immigration Law

Temporary Resident Visa

If you are a foreign national and don’t hold Canadian citizenship, you will need permission to enter Canada as a visitor. In order to do so, you will need to obtain either a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA). It’s important to note that this requirement does not apply to US Citizens, who can visit Canada without a visa or an eTA.

The following individual’s need either a TRV or an eTA:

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You don’t need TRV and eTA, but one of them

If you’re a citizen of a visa-exempt country, you need to apply for an electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) before traveling to Canada by air. Citizens of the United States don’t need a TRV or eTA to enter Canada, but Green Card holders in the US require an eTA. If you’re not a citizen of a visa-exempt country, you need a TRV to enter Canada.

What is an eTA (electronic Travel Authorization)?

An eTA (electronic Travel Authorization) is a mandatory entry requirement for travellers with passports from visa-exempt countries who enter Canada by air. It is electronically linked to your passport and is valid for five years or until your passport expires, whichever comes first. This requirement was introduced on March 15, 2016, and ensures a secure and efficient travel experience for visitors to Canada.

What is a TRV and how to apply for one?

The TRV, or Temporary Resident Visa, is a document required for visitors from certain countries to enter Canada. This document is issued by a Canadian Immigration Visa Office outside of Canada and indicates that the holder has met the requirements for admission as a visitor. TRVs may be for single or multiple entries and the duration of stay is determined on a case-by-case basis. It’s important to note that possession of a valid TRV does not guarantee admission to Canada, as visitors must demonstrate that their purpose of visit is temporary and they intend to leave Canada at the end of their authorized stay.

Common Reasons for TRV Visa Refusals

If your TRV visa has been refused, it can be a frustrating and disappointing experience. Some common reasons for TRV visa refusals include:

If your TRV visa is refused, you may have the option to appeal the decision or reapply. It is important to carefully review the reasons for refusal and take steps to address them before reapplying. You may also wish to seek the assistance of an immigration lawyer or consultant to help guide you through the process.


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